国家工信部网站备案 网站实名:湖北自考网
当前位置:湖北自考网 > 串讲笔记 > 公共课 >2018年4月湖北自考英语(二)阅读理解翻译辅导(5)

2018年4月湖北自考英语(二)阅读理解翻译辅导(5)

来源:湖北自考网www.hbzkw.co 发表时间:2017-12-23 【湖北自考网:湖北自学考试第一门户】

2017年10月湖北自考分数查询 2018年4月湖北自考报考简章 2018年4月湖北自考网上报名时间
2018年4月湖北自考考试时间 2018年4月湖北自考教材大纲说明 湖北自考电子档案查询系统入口
湖北省高等教育自学考试考生服务平台 武汉大学自考专升本 2018年4月自考网络学习单科加分
武汉工程大学自考本科 华中师范大学自考专升本 中南财经政法大学自考专升本

湖北自考网为自考生整理了自考公共课2018年4月湖北自考英语(二)阅读理解翻译辅导,希望对大家的自考英语学习有帮助。关注湖北自考网微信(hbzkw_com),可以第一时间查成绩,了解自考政策信息。

点击查看>>>湖北自考英语(二)阅读理解翻译辅导汇总

Worlds within Worlds

First of all let us consider the earth (that is to say, the world) as a planet revolving round the sun. The earth is one of mine planets which move in orbit round the sun. These nine planets, together with the sun, make up what is called our solar system. How this wonderful system started and what kept it working with such wonderful accuracy is largely a mystery but astronomers tell us that it is only one of millions of similar systems is space, and one of the smallest.

The stars which we see glittering in the sky on a dark and cloudless night are almost certainly the suns of other solar systems more or less like our own, but they are so far away in space that it is unlikely that we shall ever get to know very much about them. About our own solar system, however, we are learning more every day.

Before the American and Russian astronauts made their thrilling journeys into outer space it was difficult for us to realise what our earth looked like from hundreds of thousands of miles away, but the photographs which the astronauts were able to take show us the earth in space looking not very different from what the moon looks like when we look at it from the earth. The earth is, however, very different from the moon, which the American astronauts have found to be without life or vegetation, whereas our earth is very much alive in every respect. The moon, by the way , is called a satellite because it goes round our earth as well as round the sun. In other words, it goes round the sun with our earth.

The surface of our earth is covered by masses of land and larger areas of water. Let us consider the water areas first. The total water area is about three times as large as the land area. The very large separate areas of water are called "oceans" and the lesser areas are called "seas."

In most of the oceans and seas some of the water is found to be flowing in a particular direction - that is to say, from one part towards another part of the ocean or sea concerned. The water which is flowing in this manner is said to be moving as a "current." There are many thousands of currents in the waters of the oceans and seas, but only certain of the stronger and better marked currents are specially named and or great importance. These currents are important because they affect the climate of the land areas close to where they flow and also because they carry large quantities of microscopic animal and vegetable life which forms a large part of the food for fishes.The nature and characteristics of the surface of the land areas of the earth vary a great deal from area to area and from place to place. The surface of some areas consists largely of high mountains and deep valleys whilst, in other areas, most of the surface consists of plains. If one made a journey over the Continents one would find every kind of surface including mountain ranges, plains, plateaux, deserts, tropical forestlands and empty areas covered permanently by ice and snow.

When thinking and learning about the world we should not forget that our world is the home of a very great many different people - peoples with different coloured skins, living very different lives and having very different ideas about a great many important things such as religion, government, education and social behaviour.

The circumstances under which different people live make a great difference between the way in which they live and the way in which we live, and it ought to be our business to try to understand those different circumstances so that we can better understand people of other lands. Above all, we should avoid deciding what we think about people different from ourselves without first having learned a great deal about them and the kind of lives they have to live. It is true to say that the more we learn about other people, the better we understand their ideas and, as a rule, the better we like those people themselves.

世界中的世界

首先让我们把地球看作是围绕太阳运行的一颗行星。地球是沿轨道围绕太阳运行的九大行星之一。这九大行星和太阳一起组成了所谓的我们的太阳系。这个奇妙的星系是怎样开始的,什么使它保持精确地运行,这是一个很大的迷。但是天文学家告诉我们太阳系只是太空里几百万个相似的星系中的一个而且是最小的一个。

在漆黑的夜空,我们看到的闪烁的星星几乎肯定是其他太阳系中有些类似我们星系中的恒星。但是它们在太空中距离我们如此遥远以至于我们不可能对其了解太多。

然而对于我们的太阳系,每天我们都会了解到更多东西。在美国和俄罗斯宇航员进行激动人心的太空旅行之前,我们很难认识到从数十万英里以外的地方看地球会是什么样子。但是宇航员们能够拍到的照片为我们展示出在太空中地球看上去和我们在地球上看到的月亮没有什么大的不同。然而,地球和月亮确有很大不同,这就是美国宇航员所发现的月球上没有生命和植物。而我们地球的各个地方都有生机。顺便说一下,月亮被称为卫星,是因为它围绕着我们地地球盍同时围绕太阳运转?;痪浠八?,随着地球围绕太阳运行。

我们地球表面覆盖着一块块的陆地和更大面积的水域。让我们首先考虑一下水域,其总面积大约是陆地面积的三倍。很大的隔开的水域称为"洋",小一些的水域称为"海"。

在大部分海洋里,人们发现一些水是沿着特有的方向流动---这就是说,从海洋的一个区域流向另一区域以这种方式流动的水叫做"海流"。在海洋的水域里有成千上万条海流,但只有几条较强和较显著的海流被专门命名。这些海流的重要,是因为它们影响着流经水域的陆地的气候,并携带大量的微生物、植物,而这些却是鱼类的大部分食品。

地球不同区域的陆地表面自然特征区别很大。一些区域的地表由大量的高山和深谷组成,而其他区域,大部分地表却由平原组成。如果一个人做一次大陆旅行,他会发现各种各样的地貌,包括山区、平原、高原、沙漠、热带雨林和永久性冰雪覆盖的空旷无人区。

当我们想象和了解这个世界时,我们不应忘记我们的世界是许多不同种类人居住的家园--他们有不同的肤色,过着极不相同的生活,对诸如宗教、政府、教育和社交行为等许多重要事情持有极为不同的观点。不同民族的生活环境造就了他们和我们极为不同的生活方式,我们应该做的是努力了解他们不同的生活环境以便更好地理解其他地区的人们。在没有对他们及他们必须过的那种生活有相当多的认识前,我们应当避免对他们有先入为主的看法。确实我们了解别人越多,我们越能理解他们的观点,通常我们就会更喜欢那些人。

 


湖北自考网微信
[参加网络注册学习获取平时成绩,提升考试通过率]?
自考网络注册学习交流QQ群:133800454 自考学位英语(外语)学习交流群:276263695

湖北自考网登录

湖北自考网网络注册学习登录

武汉自考专题推荐

<acronym id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></acronym>
<acronym id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></acronym>
<rt id="DBJTVDF"></rt>
<rt id="DBJTVDF"><small id="DBJTVDF"></small></rt><acronym id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></acronym>
<acronym id="DBJTVDF"></acronym>
<rt id="DBJTVDF"><small id="DBJTVDF"></small></rt>
<tr id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></tr>
<tr id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></tr>
<acronym id="DBJTVDF"><optgroup id="DBJTVDF"></optgroup></acronym>
  • 188781405 2018-01-23
  • 85035404 2018-01-23
  • 238919403 2018-01-23
  • 63646402 2018-01-23
  • 812600401 2018-01-22
  • 51980400 2018-01-22
  • 79433399 2018-01-22
  • 401875398 2018-01-21
  • 696184397 2018-01-21
  • 895233396 2018-01-21
  • 385770395 2018-01-21
  • 849150394 2018-01-21
  • 175330393 2018-01-20
  • 15256392 2018-01-20
  • 868860391 2018-01-20
  • 49319390 2018-01-20
  • 828639389 2018-01-20
  • 745312388 2018-01-19
  • 945535387 2018-01-19
  • 338566386 2018-01-19